Today I’ve been informed that Brewformulas.org is down. Checking the server and no more disk space :_(
As I wasn’t able to get some more space quickly, I’ve decided to prepare a new server and migrate the application. As I’m using Docker and
docker-compose, it’s super easy and takes 5 minutes but what about the data ?
In this case, only the Postgres database needs to be restored, so how to perform this in an amazing way ?
The magic command
Given a first server where is running the existing database that we’d like to duplicate, and a second server where the Postgres server is up and running and the database created but empty:
1 sudo docker run --rm --link brewformulasdb:postgres -it postgres sh -c 'pg_dump --host=$POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR --dbname=brewformulas_org_prod --username=postgres' | ssh -C firstname.lastname@example.org "docker run --rm --link brewformulas_postgres_1:postgres -i postgres sh -c 'psql --host=172.17.0.31 --dbname=brewformulas_org_prod --username=postgres'"
Ouf ! That’s a lot ! :-)
Basically, this command is using the
pg_dump command in a container linked to the running database to be dumped, SSH the second server and send the dump data (We’re using the
-C flag from SSH for the data compression) and then use the
psql command on the remote server in a container in order to populate the database with the dumped data.
(In this case, the first server is an Ubuntu server, so I had to use
sudo while on the second server I’m running Debian as root).
docker run --rm --link brewformulasdb:postgres -it postgreswill create a new container, linked to the container where the database, to be dumped, is running
sh -cis used in order to execute the line within the container (otherwise the environment variable
POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDRis not yet accessible)
pg_dump --host=$POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR --dbname=brewformulas_org_prod --username=postgreswill dump the
brewformulas_org_proddatabase content to the
| ssh -Cwill push the dumped data through SSH using compression
ssh -C email@example.com to the remote machine and send the data
docker run --rm --link brewformulas_postgres_1:postgres -i postgresis create a new container of the
postgresdocker image, linking the running postgres empty database (Here it’s important to not have the
-tflag in order to avoid the error
cannot enable tty mode on non tty input)
sh -c 'psql --host=172.17.0.31 --dbname=brewformulas_org_prod --username=postgres'will fill in the empty database with the data received from the remote host (Here I had to use
--host=172.17.0.31as for an unknown reason the
$POSTGRES_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDRvariable wasn’t resolved)